Throughout 1979-1990’s, the American government backed and funded various terrorist rebel groups in Nicaragua who go by the name the “Contras.” This group was in opposition to the radical socialist Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction government, antagonizing the positive reconstruction in government; all of the contra groups united into the Nicaraguan Resistance. From an early stage, these rebels received financial and military support from the United States government, and their military significance decisively depended on it. After US support was banned by Congress, the Reagan administration covertly continued it. These covert activities culminated in the Iran–Contra affair. It is no surprise that the United States would aid this group in their goal to suppress and dismantle the innovative positive change in the Socialist Nicaraguan government, for a scope of exploitation through capitalism is the only acceptable form of government in the Amerikkkan mindset.
During their war against the Nicaraguan government, the contras committed an enormous number of human rights violations. They used terrorist tactics to instill fear into Sandinista supporters and civilians. The contras carried out more than 1,300 terrorist attacks. During these attacks, the United States was well aware of all activities and intelligentsia being distributed from these terrorist groups. These actions were frequently carried out systematically as a part of the strategy of the contras. Supporters of the contras tried to put icing on a cake of carnage to minimize these violations. Excuses made and fake intentions sugar coated the contras relationship with both the U.S. and Sandinistas. The Reagan administration in the U.S. also helped with this by engaging in a campaign of white propaganda to alter public opinion in favor of the contras. By utilizing media (like we see even today) people were completely oblivious to this corruption happening in Nicaragua.
Why did the U.S. accumulate such an active part in the terrorist rebel group anyways? It’s all part of their imperialist agenda. The U.S. played a very large role in financing, training, arming, and advising the contras over a long period, and the contras only became capable of carrying out significant military operations as a result of this support. So for every terrorist act and innocent civilian killed due to this anti-Sandinista movement, the U.S. government and CIA are very much to blame. The United States felt threatened by such a positive, strong force in Nicaragua. The Sandinistas wanted to liberate Nicaragua and by doing so they would not be complying to the economic interests of the American corporations stationed there. That, and the fact that a rising Socialist government would promote social change across the globe are two big reasons why the United States was partnered with the contras. On January 4th 1982, Reagan signed the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17) giving the CIA the authority to recruit and support the contras with $19 million in military aid. The effort to support the contras was one component of the Reagan Doctrine, which called for providing military support to movements opposing Communist governments. Although with these types of government, equity would blanket the nation improving the lives of every Nicaraguan, the U.S. only cares about their own profit. In the fiscal year 1984, the U.S. Congress approved $24 million in contra aid, all money that could have been used to feed starving citizens of America or give shelter to homeless, or improve the quality of schools, ect. With this kind of budgeting, it must make one wonder what the intent of the U.S. government really is.
In October 1984, it was amended to forbid action by all U.S. government agencies to aid the contras. However, the corruption does not end there. Needing to find a way around the new restrictions, President Reagan announced that his administration perceived Nicaragua to be “an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States”, and declared a “national emergency” on May 1st 1985. A trade embargo against Nicaragua was even set into action to deal with the fictitious threat. So now, getting in one last legal blow from Reagan, Congress completely forbids any further contra aid. Reagan now needs to turn to a more deceptive form of funding for his unethical interest in the anti-Sandinista rebel group. The Reagan administration started to arrange funding as well as military supplies through third world country funds and other various private funds to the contras. Between 1984 and 1986, $34 million from third world countries and $2.7 million from private sources were distributed this way. During all of this mendacity Reagan continues to try to persuade public opinion and U.S. Congress to support the corruption partnership with the contras. He continually uses propaganda to express his nefarious anti-Communist beliefs.
So far I have barely scratched the surface of the extent of the malfeasance that occurred with the contras. The contras were accused of countless human rights violations including; kidnapping civilians, torturing civilians, executing children and civilians captured in combat, raping women, indiscriminately attacking civilians and civilian houses, seizing civilians property, targeting health care clinics and workers for assassination, and burning civilians houses in captured towns. Reagan and the CIA were aware of this and did not prevent such tactics. These tactics were actually funded by drug money, with the assistance of the U.S. Specifically, cocaine. The contras funding by drug money launched the crack epidemic in the Bay area and all across the nation in 1974. It was discovered that the augmentation of crack cocaine in relation to the contras was lead by the CIA. All because of this, the impact of drugs has been abhorrent, especially in Black communities. Reagan was obviously trying to kill a few birds with this one stone. In this scandal Reagan attempts to destroy an improving socialist government while terrorizing citizens of Nicaragua, makes profit from the drug trafficking that was carried out by the CIA, and he sabotaged countless lower income communities by purposefully executing how the drugs were distributed throughout America.
All of this disturbing information may flabbergast many people, some may even find it unbelievable. After years of government brainwashing information like this (and many similar malevolent cases) pushes people to a point of raw misplacement in society. Ignorance certainly is bliss, however knowledge is power and knowing what the higher powers are capable of is vital to one’s understanding of the world around them. For those who might not believe the CIA and president could be so corrupt, countless documentation and evidence support every claim about the scandal. You can find actual government documentation covering the contras, cocaine and covert operations here: http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB2/index.html#1
In conclusion, the immense human rights violation and struggles in Nicaragua were due to U.S. funding and aid. The U.S. government is also to blame for the drug inflation in lower income communities across the country. All the while, they have been deceiving the minds of Americans and even the contras to a falsified claim of danger and threat during the Sandinista Socialist era. By the use of propaganda and clandestine tactics this scandal went on for years without notice, menacing the citizens of Nicaragua for attempting to create positive change in their country. “Those 2,000 hard-core guys (maintained by the United States in the operations against Nicaragua) could keep some pressure on the Nicaraguan government, force them to use their economic resources for the military, and prevent them from solving their economic problems and that’s a plus… Anything that puts pressure on the Sandinista regime, calls attention to the lack of democracy, and prevents the Sandinistas from solving their economic problems is a plus.” U.S. Defense Department official, 1988.